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Sorry for the reconfiguration of this thread. It has been brought to my attention that the eager code breaker now wants no reference to himself in regards to the solves on this message board. He will not give an explanation which is very suspicious because he contacted me. He gave me explicit approval to promote his solves, and now he is backing out with no explanation.

So, please do not refer to the code breaker on this site by his name.

I am attempting to recreate what we had before minus any reference to him directly.

Redaction Begins:

Taken from the JT101 thread to begin 340 Cipher Solve

Check out this site http://www.zodiac-340-cipher-solution.com I received a request to look at this this weekend, and I had (Redacted) go step by step over how he achieved this solve. It appears to still need some work, but I am a little shocked at what he has done with it. Let me know what you think...

 

TerryB – response with edits

Nanette, you did contact him? I'm not sure how he arrived at the solve. We should make sure it isn't a hoax solve. Apparently he says that the lower portion hasn't been decoded yet. It's interesting, to say the least.

Coded messages aren't anything new. I do know that several different messages can be contained within a coded message and deciphered using different key codes. Not having those keys can make it damn near impossible to decode, this means that certain assumptive keys would have to be tried several times over and over. The right computer program could do this. He thanked the web toy site. I tried that site and the permutations
do kick out several Zodiac killer keywords, but of course I never got a sensible message out of the thing.

I kinda see how he arrived at the decode key she used. He apparently used some assumptive phonetics to arrive at the message he says is contained therein. Like the "T" in what she says is Tarrance phonetically, I don't quite follow that. Oh......it just dawned me! It sounds like Tarrance with the d on the end of jac! I follow that. It's interesting and it does fit in with what we do know. I do respect the fact that he points out that he hasn't decoded the lower portion of the 340 cipher just yet. You should ask him to run the numbers found on the brass keys found amongst Jack's items. I like it!

 

Nanette – response

Here is what he walked me through. On the http://www.oranchak.com/zodiac/webtoy website, there is a link below the cipher that says "Find Repeated Sequences." Click here to get a vast list of 4 letter/symbol sequences that repeat, 3 letter/symbol sequences, 2 letter/symbol sequences. By clicking through each link, I came up with 2 different 3 letter sequences, and this is where (Redacted) begins hour after hour of trial and error with letters. He said he figured that the word "the" was one of the most used words in the English language, so trying both the 3 letter/symbol sequences that repeat in a single line (I5F) and (FBc) were the only ones keeping the assumption that the cipher is written from left to write like the 408 cipher.

He used the I5F link and plugged in "the" into both sets of boxes. This of course will fill in additional "T's", "H's", and "E's" throughout the cipher based on the symbol the letter was attached to. Given this he moved onto "and" and versions thereof like "nd" and "an" through the 3 sequence and 2 sequence links until he could see something trying to be formed. From there, he played what I would basically call scrabble making out words that could go with the visible letters. He walked me through it, and I think I am going to ask him to give me a list of his trials, but I can tell you that he wasn't pushing any theory or trying to make words out of nothing, and by the time he could make out most of the upper message, he realized that a formal name had emerged with jacdagaroence, he applied all the known suspects to the phonetic version in the cipher and low and behold JT was what he came up with. He claims that the last 8 or so symbols are a fake key where "Zodiac" almost appeared as a signoff. Funny that those very letters came out to say "oo I got you!" He also said that the second part of the message after "the end, done" appears to be random text, where nothing legible could be made throughout his trial and error tests, just like the last 18 symbols of the 408 cipher.

Here's the thing, we know that based on the first cipher, JT used 2 or more symbols/letters for a single letter which made the solve even more complicated without the key. What I find when I manipulate this cipher is that when you change any single letter within the web toy, it changes the likes of all the same symbols which may be why it is read more phonetically rather than clearer like the 408. If some of these letters represented by a single symbol are all connected, it doesn't allow for the letter to be represented by more than one symbol, so this may be a snag in a complete solve; however, NO ONE has ever had this cipher make a complete statement.

Here's the kicker, he tried really hard to make the word "nasty" into anything but that, and all he kept coming back to is that this is the only word that fit that didn't change the entire dynamics of the cipher's statement by way of changing one letter, and it changes all symbols.

I have never been able to follow any other person's version of a solve, but this was wayyyy tooo easy to follow, and a monkey could see what he was doing. He is a chemical engineer I believe, and claimed he was bored of watching tv, and decided to give this a whirl. After spending many hours, this is what he came up with. Like he said though, JT wrote it phonetically so that if cracked, it couldn't be used against him because it did not say his name out right... JT/Z 101 hahahahahahahaha (Redacted) also mentioned that he didn't go into this thinking that a suspect's name was even attainable, maybe a victim's, cops, or media person, but certainly not a formal name. He was astonished after working the solve for as long as he did to have come to that point.

I will get back with his notes on his solve hopefully...

All I can say is that this whether Jack's name comes out of it or not, it is still the closest to a real solve as I have ever seen.

TerryB – response

I follow everything that you just said. I no longer suspect that it's a hoax solve. IMHO, his methodology is sound. The point that it is the first series of statements to come out of a portion of the 340 cipher is a very important point and as you know; that point reinforces his workmanship. And yes, most definitely it's a JT101 encryption trick.

I get the left to right, top to bottom approach. If he's not too sick of dealing with the study of the 340 cipher, I hope he'll analyze the lower section right to left, and/or bottom to top etc. It's pretty cool work on his part. It certainly could be used as a solid piece of evidence when coupled with all the other evidence that we have compiled. Certainly Jack wasn't dumb enough to correctly spell out his name in that cipher, but to do so phonetically
is exactly what we'd expect him to have done. JT knew that the 340 cipher was minced up with the way he constructed it. Zodiac Jack's repeated use of intentionally misspelled words and his "play on words" and/or meta-writing does support (Redacted)'s findings as well. I like it!


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11-8-1969 Color 340 Cipher.jpg 


  
Obtained through the use of http://www.oranchack.com/zodiac/webtoy/ - Personal notes based on conversations from Code Angel as we will now refer to the original source of this find and:
Fair Use from Online content: http://www.zodiac-340-cipher-solution.com (Which has now been deleted from the internet)
With specific permission to post and promote the solve-----Emails to come shortly proving up that permission...

Code Angel would like the moderators of the toolbox forum to believe that he himself solved all the codes himself, and likes to refer to the work as being his own.

I will re-create the anagram section of the random text shortly along with what Catseye anagrammed as well....

DISCLOSURE:
1. The system used for the 340 solve was created by Oranchak, and not Code Angel
2. The systems that followed i.e., anagrams, cryptograms, codes, word games, and word puzzles were not the work of Code Angel, but the work of Jack Tarrance, and is completely of fair use.
3. The Z13 "My Name Is" Cipher is direct working knowledge of Harriette Sucher via conversations between her and Dennis Kaufman.
4. The 408 random text of final 18 symbols/cipher solution of the Harden's was completed using an anagram system that Code Angel was not aware of until I explained some of Jack's systems to him, and put him into contact with Harriette for confirmation.
5. The Z32 Bus Bomb Code again could not have been ciphered by Code Angel without the prior knowledge from the "My Name Is" code and the random text from the 408.
6. The Z34 Donna Lass Poster could not have been solved without the assistance of Harriette who provided the evidence and proper symbols which have evolved in recent internet portrayals from it's origin. Again, something Code Angel could not have known and did not research on his own.
7. The Melvin Belli letter solve was through the use of an anagram system as well, and without the insight from Harriette and myself would have never come to fruition for this man.
8. In fact, not one solve can this code breaker claim to have solved on his own, and I have every email to prove it.
9. I have been informed by my attorney that this constitutes a collaborative effort that he can not simply take away from after all the work that has been done on these in the last 4 months.


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I asked for undisclosed person's notes on the solve, and this was his reply:

Hello Nanette and thank you for the e-mail. (NEW: I have posted some of my notes under "Translation to English")

Yes, I am able to share my notes on the steps I followed -- I am in the process of starting to generate those -- it will take anywhere from a few weeks to several weeks (probably will be finished in the January - February time frame). The first 3-part cipher Zodiac sent to the newspaper (408 cipher) was
solvedusing homophonic substitution with a single alphabet. I assume that the zodiac killer is doing the same here with the unsolved 340 cipher. And that is what I have done with the following exceptions:
1) One three occasions, the zodiac killer lets the last letter of a given word be the first letter of the next word, e.g., "thend", meaning "the end". These exceptions are reasonable.
2) One two occasions, two symbols are used to phonetically represent one letter. The cipher words "zno" phonetically passes for "so", so here I let this word be translated as "so"; hence, the "zn" phonetically (but not alphabetically) becomes an "s". The other word is "tdhod", which phonetically can pass for the word "should" when pronounced (it sounds like a three year old saying the word), so hence, the "td" becomes an "s" phonetically, but not alphabetically.
3)
One only one occasion, do two symbols - with no phonetic relationship - represent one letter -- and that exception is "Agaroense" for "Taroense" in order to disguise a critical last name of the killer -- otherwise, if the killer does not do that -- the translation of the code - could be used as evidence in court to convict the killer (in my opinion). Plus, a google check shows that there are essentially no proper last names in English that resemble an "Agaroense", while there are many that resemble "Taroense".

Unlike the 408 cipher, the killer goes out of his way to misspell words, use poor grammar, and other tricks in order to make sure that his identity does not become known. Yet, the killer does play fair -- since he is playing the game to prove to himself that he is much smarter than his enemies.

Nanette - I hope this helps a little with his reasoning outside of the scrabble like game he played to come to the solve.
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I see that TV's board has already began the bashing of this solve, and I hope that soon enough, that entire board will have to be taken down due to a restraining order for cyber stalking. These people aren't actively working on anything except their own egos....They must have been personal friends of Jack. LOL

I will be right back to put up more of the reasoning by *...

I was asked about the attempts on the random text in the second part of the cipher and whether or not he looked for words in this section, and this is his response:

Hello Nanette and thank you for the e-mail. Thanks for sharing the solution on message boards, etc. Please feel free to do so. Thanks for your help. The random text questions are good questions -- with the English language -- I have tried -- but I cannot make any sense of them regardless of the direction (forward, backward, vertical, diagonal, etc.). My opinion is that in English they should be considered as random text, however, the hypothesis of being a transliteration of a foreign language is a possibility -- unfortunately I do not know the Hopi language. It would a good idea if someone who knows the Hopi language (or other language) could take a look at it. Thank you for the compliment and I will be glad to work on the other ciphers if you can send them to me. Please feel free to ask any other questions. 

Me again - I knew this from his initial walk through, but I thought I would request a specific response in regards to it so there was no confusion. I told him that he should expect bashing and emails from the zoocrew aka zodiac wannabe investigators, and be prepared because once he announced this find on the internet he became open game for the truth concealers. I'm kinda glad it gives them someone else to focus on for a while...LOL Just kidding, I don't wish that wasted energy on anyone!

Quite awhile back I played with the web toy and found it interesting. However, I felt that the program for it needs modifications so that it wouldn't  substitute all of the symbols with the same letter but rather replace every 2nd, 3rd, 4rd etc or as desired, to make the machine more flexible. Sort of a revolving decoder feature to it , if you will. I say this also for the points regarding the killer's use of the same symbol to represent more than one letter or visa-verse. I respect the fact that (Redacted) doing this kind of work; had to have been quite tedious.

Perhaps a decoder mod that has more than one revolving "arm", if you will? From what I understand, a coded message may contain several different messages within them using different keys. Of course, if those same messages within are phonetic, then it will take a guy like him to recognize the phonetic messages decoded.

I'm glad he has taken the time to

Yes, I am glad to see that there is something to this message even if it doesn't make much sense to us. I have requested that Catseye look into the second portion of random text, and so far she has come up with:

Catseye: This is a transliteration of Washoe or/and possible Paiute native language. Beings everything in this case seems to have two meanings, I wouldn't be surprised if JT mixed them. Pointing this out suggests that Jack was attempting to give his location in a round about way. She said that Washoe and Paiute were heavily influenced by Spanish and French people at some point in US history.

Nanette's post - Coincidentally, the Washoe Indians derived from California and Nevada, or more specific, Nyack and So. Lake Tahoe areas which is where JT happened to be during 69 - Nyack. Also, coincidentally, the southern border of these natives was at "Walker River". I have not heard of this river, and will take some time to research it, so I can add to this post later.

Vowels marked with the acute accent ( ´ ) are pronounced with stress, such as in the Washo ćigábut (summer).

In Washo, vowels can have either long or short length qualities; the longer quality is noted by appending a /:/ to the vowel, as in the above example míši milí:giyi. Vowels with such a mark are usually pronounced twice its normal length. This can be seen in the difference between the words móko (shoes) mó:ko (knee). However, vowels pronounced this way may not always be followed by a colon. (Wikipedia)

The Washoe transliteration made for a lot of double vowel usage like "oo" "aa" "ii" and "uu" which is what have been seeing in (Redacted)'s solve, so obviously he wasn't too far off of his phonetic version. Like, "candy" (English) would make for "k'indi" in Washoe transliteration, so literally you would sound the word out until it could be related to a word in the English language. The double letters serve a purpose that elongates the sound almost as if to create a drawl. My premise here is that if you were ciphering, the use of these types of diacritics in the message would probably be impossible to solve, and thus one would then use "aa" instead of a: for the same exact same effect, or hold onto your shorts, it was spelled phonetically with a drawl. That would be hilarious...

The second portion of the cipher/random text, is actually working out with the same phonetic rule that was used in the upper portion.

Catseye: has not finished with it, but she says that it is pointing to Northern California and excludes Nevada specifically, so as if to say that the author is pointing towards Nyack/So. Lake Tahoe.

Nanette Revised 12-21-2013: To clear up who said what in this conversation, and to hopefully fix any errors I may have made in relaying the information... Hey, I never claimed to understand what catseye was talking about, and honestly this thread is not for what process she uses to phonetically read letters that are left over from the solve, but to focus on the solve. I hope this clears things up for you Jupiter.

PS At least she is proactively attempting to work on something that has already shown such promise. This solve with no predetermined message unfolds on it's own, and once the notes are finished, you will see just as I saw that it basically unfolded into a partial message with heavy Zodiac overtones by simply applying basic English rules in an attempt to see if anything showed itself. Do not let me say "simply" as to undermine the hundreds of hours that he has put into this. In the end, when he became stuck due to the restrictions of the webtoy program, did he even see an emergence of what he felt was the forming of a formal name, at least to a degree that he could then begin comparing it to known suspects to see if they resembled any of them. If you plot out this very message, you yourself will have no option for what letters lay after my name is. You couldn't make this up...

I spent some time with the 408 cipher for the first time today. I discovered that there was anywhere from 1-6 symbols associated with any given letter in the alphabet, and I put together the key because I hadn't seen that done before. The hilarious part was that just like JT/Z with double letter spelling errors, the cipher had double symbol spelling errors, and it looks as if he was falling apart by the time he made it to the third section because he stopped using his own key either at the very end of section 2, or shortly into the 3rd section. He even had letter "e" spelling errors. hahahahaha  I guess that either he was in a hurry or exhausted by the nature of the beast. I know I am after only hours of sorting and recognizing the patterns.

I heard from (Redacted) today, and he has began working with the second section as an anagram. He indicated that the prospects of it were looking good, so I am waiting to see what he comes up with. I will put it up once it is assembled as long as he is ok with it.

Edited....meant to say 408 not 340 oooops....


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Nanette, I have seen this 340 cipher study posted on the net in the past, I didn't study it in depth because I thought that a  better decoding machine was needed, one better than the way the web toy is currently structured.

If you go back and study the structure of the old WWII German Enigma machine and how it worked, you'll see what I mean. It operated on a relatively simply concept. The code keys could be changed often, so that by the time a large team of code breakers broke the code, that code key would be replaced with a new code key. With the use of different keys, you could encode and decode several different messages within one cryptogram. With every keystroke made, it advanced the encoding (or decoding) drum. This is what I meant by the information being minced up.

Once you can extract a sequential and coherent message (one as coherent as the killer chose to give!), then I'd say that a milestone has been made. With LS's work, we're now in the business of interpreting what we're seeing. There appears to be a sequential message there, though the message seems phonetic but somewhat minced up.

I think LS's work is very cool. I'm trying to spark some interest in coming up with a programmable decoder that has this revolving drum concept built into it. I would think such programs already exist. Perhaps the 340 cipher was designed to give up the exact message that LS extracted from it and it's as good as it's gonna get, but then again, maybe not? I like that the message(s) is sequential, that's very important IMHO.

I believe I understand the Enigma machine, TerryB. One forward... This is precisely what JT used in the 408 cipher to a certain degree. It appears he used a symbol sequence (2-6 symbols) for the most frequently used letters in the alphabet, and with every use of this letter he moved forward one symbol in his sequence repeating the sequence up until the 3rd section of the 408 where he went haywire and began using the right symbols, but in a random nonsensical fashion. Whereby either he got tired, sloppy, or figured if you figured it out through to the 3rd section you got it figured out already, and as long as the proper symbol from the sequence matching the letter needed to make sense then in essence it was ok.


Conversations with Catseye today lead into information that Dennis claimed, "Per Social Security records, JT worked for Chevron AKA Phillips 66 in 1969 as a mechanic in at least 2 different locations. Nevada City and Truckee..."   This is aside from the Tow Truck company in Nyack we already new about.

Get the cross connection of the Phillip 66 map being used in the Zodiac mailing for the 340 cipher. This is kind of tying things in neatly together, or a humongous coincidence... Either way, if this is so, and the 340 is coming to light, then Catseye wasn't wrong about the affiliation with the symbols, the area they are used in, and the transliteration of a language that she sees in it. Who knows??? We shall only see, if and only, the cipher solve is legitimate. We don't have all the answers just yet, but my next step is to attempt to break down the 340 backwards by figuring out which symbols were used the most. I believe that I have the system down well enough from the 408 to apply some of those thought processes into what (Redacted) has come up with so far. I think that he may have very well given us a great start because by knowing some of the parameters of what this message is beginning to form, I can hopefully work out a sequence of symbols. That too, I can't promise will result in anything, but it is worth a shot. Here's to being proactive... Everyone concerned with a solve in this crime should be helping to assist in this venture rather than bad mouthing people anyway.

The message being sequential is the only reason he got my attention in the first place. Then I needed to see what his thought process was, and how he came to JT's name. This was most important. There is no way that you could randomly place the statement, "my name is Jacd Agaroence" anywhere in that webtoy that would allow for a full blown statement to come out as it is. If you could find this magic position and just tried to plug in JT as a motive for the solve, what would be the chances that it would cipher a readable message at all??? I say that this is almost phenomenally impossible....Or, the cipher just told you the author's name, and combined with what we already know, I'd say that it just solidifies my position even better.


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With the first section solved by way of scrabble and what word can we make out of this, (Redacted) has determined that the second portion of the 340 cipher is an anagram. Which plays out quite nicely as seen in his latest work. I do not know if he will continue to work on any of the aspects as it seems to have played itself out, and I do not see anything coming out differently based on the numerous attempts or changes that he has already tried to see if a better solve appeared. So here is his latest work, and the end of this thread. I will be opening a question and answer thread for this solve.



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Latest and greatest from (Redacted):

Hello Nanette and thank you once again for the information.

I had a good phone conversation with Harriette and she had some good suggestions. I have already incorporated her suggestion for a legal disclaimer that Jack Tarrance was never convicted of being the Zodiak during his lifetime, etc. in order to avoid lawsuits from the relatives, etc. She had some other good suggestions. Her comments are very thought provoking. I have encouraged her to publish some of her notes -- especially on the "My Name Is.." cipher.

Yes, you are correct in your comments about notes/documentation/proofs/methodology/etc -- ironically - I just got off the phone with Godaddy.com so that I can add more pages to my site. I will essentially be writing a book on site -- where the small chapters will be on pages of the site addressed on the notes, etc.. I may even publish on lulu.com -- although I would not expect the book sales to exceed 1000 copies -- while the internet site will get a lot more views.

Thanks for your reviews and also your encouragement about taking a second look at the random text.

I am also looking at the "My name Is.."...cipher in context of the 340 cipher. I think (but am not sure yet) what Jack is trying to do...I will publish this on the website.

BTW, the EBEORIETEMETHHPITI message from the 408 in my opinion is also an anagram that is badly misspelled -- which may be as follows:


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Latest and greatest from (Redacted):

Hello Nanette and thank you once again for the information.

I had a good phone conversation with Harriette and she had some good suggestions. I have already incorporated her suggestion for a legal disclaimer that Jack Tarrance was never convicted of being the Zodiak during his lifetime, etc. in order to avoid lawsuits from the relatives, etc. She had some other good suggestions. Her comments are very thought provoking. I have encouraged her to publish some of her notes -- especially on the "My Name Is.." cipher.

Yes, you are correct in your comments about notes/documentation/proofs/methodology/etc -- ironically - I just got off the phone with Godaddy.com so that I can add more pages to my site. I will essentially be writing a book on site -- where the small chapters will be on pages of the site addressed on the notes, etc.. I may even publish on lulu.com -- although I would not expect the book sales to exceed 1000 copies -- while the internet site will get a lot more views.

Thanks for your reviews and also your encouragement about taking a second look at the random text.

I am also looking at the "My name Is.."...cipher in context of the 340 cipher. I think (but am not sure yet) what Jack is trying to do...I will publish this on the website.

 

BTW, the EBEORIETEMETHHPITI message from the 408 in my opinion is also an anagram that is badly misspelled -- which may be as follows:

BETER HOPE THEI IIT ME

 

Regards, and please feel free to write or call anything. Thanks for your help.

 

 


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Because it bears repeating:

So back to this thread's real meaning. I do not follow Catseye's solve because she cannot articulate a logical solve step-by-step if you will. I get a whole lot of hypothesis based on what DK and CT may have or have not lied to her about and what she believes Z/JT was trying to do, like the Indian symbols. I can't help that they fed her fire, and once she could no longer support them, they are bashing her for her insights, and she still thinks that everything they told her is the truth...

I do however find that (Redacted)'s solve on all accounts is not only viable, logical, and so simple to understand that there was no prejudice or force fitting even down to the 32 symbol cipher/anagram that he now has posted. I have spoke to Mr. (Redacted) at length about his thought process, his starting and ending points, and the message he believes can be taken from these "supposed" unsolved ciphers that are not really ciphers, except for the first 2 pages of the 408 cipher/Harden solve. It is very apparent that the word game changed with the last 18 letters, and I believe that (Redacted) nailed what any person would expect the end of that letter to say from the "real" Zodiac. I will be posting this soon on the 340 cipher thread, and linking his new solves in which he actually credits Catseye for bringing up the "word game" factor that lead him to the end resolve with all the Zodiac ciphers actually articulating a message that can be confirmed. There is no coincidence with the 32 cipher/ "really an anagram word game" and what it references.

Now, the only question is, if a man who isn't educated in ciphers/anagrams/homophonic substitutions could easily (I say with slapstick reality) when compared to all the other experts in the world, solve these with such simplistic ease (Again, I say light-hearted because he really put in many many hours purportedly), how is it that they have "supposedly" remained unsolved for all this time? There is no guessing that the message relayed in the 340 cipher was a word game of incorrectly misspelled words, which we saw the Zodiac do in all his communications, including the 408 cipher, a morphing from a cipher which was easily solved into an ending that tests societies wherewithal of an easy word game of anagrams used since the 16th century or before by poets. Note: used by poets - I have relayed a heavy poetic theme to the Zodiac and other communications from this serial killer. Throw on top of that a phonetic slant which would be expected from a southerner with a southern drawl which is how (Redacted), from Texas and Louisiana, recognized the phonetic spelled words with gross misspellings so as to thwart and easy solve.

PS, we also spoke heavily about the bomb schematic in comparison to what industry standard was, and I was right. "Bat." was a significant personal characteristic that dumbed down the diagram so as not to shed suspicion on someone who was actively working in the field. (Redacted) indicated that the a symbol for a "capacitor" or the likes of the word "capacitor" whether shorthand or written out would have been proper for this diagram. So, now that we have Zodiac using this analogy for the igniter in his diagrams, and JT's use of the same reference in his personal diagrams, we have a huge and significant link to the diagrams. I think this will be of future interest, so the rest of the diagram should be considered for examination in comparison to industry standards and norms.


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Legal Disclaimer: Work for this solve was a combined effort of several people and the sole work of *
Most importantly this code is the work of Jack Tarrance and no other.....


Here is the 32 cipher/anagram solve by (Redacted) with a Catseye spin:

PRIMARY MESSAGE: GO 7 MI 45 DEGREES THE N VALLEJO CC DAY PARK 120 DEGREES W OF CROSSING SQUARE ZODIAC

 
SECONDARY MESSAGE: IV GOTON OFF CIA  HELP AM JAXK W TOORANDCE

TERTIARY MESSAGE: JAACX W T OFF CIA HELP ID GOTON ON MKVLTRA

QUATERNARY MESSAGE: EXP F TO JOHN FAGIO MKVLTRA CIA AT DOW INC
     

         
 
 
 

 
 


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California State Route 37

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

State Route 37 (SR 37) is a state highway in the northern part of California that runs 21 miles (34 km) along the northern shore of San Pablo Bay. It is built from U.S. Route 101 in Novato and runs through the southern tips of Sonoma and Napa counties to Interstate 80 in Vallejo. It serves as a vital connection between the four counties of the North Bay Area, north of San Francisco; Infineon Raceway and Six Flags Discovery Kingdom are accessible from Route 37.

Route 37 has been proposed to be built to freeway standards since the early 1950s.

"Blood Alley"[edit]

This section of SR 37 was once known as "Blood Alley" for its rate of fatal accidents

While the Vallejo section of SR 37 was being updated, another problem with the route would hinder its progress. The section between Sears Point and Mare Island was plagued with fatal accidents, earning its nickname of "Blood Alley". Between 1966 and 1970, 27 people lost their lives to it. In a preliminary effort to reduce the fatalities, officials established both a daylight test section, requiring all cars to keep their headlights on during the day, and passing lanes. However, these efforts were ineffective.[24]

In 1993, local resident Jim Poulos campaigned to have a barrier erected after the death of his 18-year-old son, Frankie, on "Blood Alley". At this time, the situation with this stretch only worsened as the death toll between 1990 and 1996 rose to thirty-one.

 

Nanette: So in researching the solve of (Redacted) on the crossing identified by the 32 code and map word game, I came up with this while looking up the crossing of Hwy 37 and Hwy 80. First it was alive and well since before 1955, and it had an interesting read that I thought I would bring up just for giggles, and quite possibly a serious discussion.

Maybe even a new thread...

So, my contention here is Zodiac claimed he was going off the map and you would no longer know it was him. It would like like random acts of violence, burglary, and accidents.

KEY WORD HERE: Accidents.

The reason I say this, is that Hwy 37 was in use since before 1955, and the death toll rises suspiciously during 1966-1970 to 27 people in a four year period with the next block of deaths occurring 1990-1996 which is only 31 deaths in a six year period versus 27 in a 4 year period.

I ponder now, what those accidents reports state, and how many of the accidents whether head on or not were caused by another vehicle’s actions??? Get my drift.... Wouldn’t Jack just have relished in the fact that he was responsible for getting Hwy 37 named “Blood Alley”?

I am going to start a new thread... Really, had the time frame been any different I wouldn’t even have noticed. A little iffy on any 1990-1993 involvement of these, but anything here is possible.

Revised:

Yes, I am assimilating myself with the specifics of the area. I grew up in Napa, and for the most part, a Kaiser baby because my father worked for the state. My orthodontist was in Novato at the end of Hwy 37, and we would climb on from Hwy 29 off of Hwy 12. I had (Redacted)'s crossing point wrong. His cross occurred at Hwy 80 and Hwy 680 which is really a bypass before Vallejo and shorter route from Sacramento into Benicia and Martinez. It is miles from Hwy 37 with a mountain in between that includes American Canyon Rd. where my best friend currently lives, and a truck stop for break checks before taking the steep decline into Vallejo. The first exit you hit as you descend down Hwy 80 West is Hwy 37. I guess in my faulty perception of the map that I looked at, I assumed the wrong freeway. 

No matter though because the 680 has been around at least since the Zodiac era. This is the very Hwy Lake Herman Rd. is off of where we know Zodiac has already committed crimes.

However, I still note that the coincidental skip across a Hwy blood zone during the Zodiac era is right up my alley. I have been looking out for the "accidents" Zodiac has talked about and until now, hadn't been made aware of such a group of them. Now I think looking for strange arsons and burglaries are in order as well. 


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I didn't imagine that (Redacted) was through with the 18 random text from the 408 cipher. He told me that he wasn't sure that his solve was entirely correct and after figuring out all other aspects, he finds Jack Tarrance's name in yet another cipher. He believes that Zodiac was extremely precise that if they could crack the code they would have him. Yet the couldn't, or didn't, or told no one they had!!!

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Ok, after a good conversation with (Redacted), I notified him that William was not JT's middle name. He did know this but somehow allowed the anagram take shape and made sense of the letters "WM" to be an acronym for William. After I notified of the inconsistency, he informed me that the solve still wasn't bad because in reality the "H" symbol represented by the letter "M" is actually a misspelling in the word "TIMEH" which should really read "TIME" in Latin. So, if you exclude the "H/M" from the solve due to the spelling error in the Latin word "TIMEH" You have Jack W. Tarrance.

I want to put a thank you out to all involved with concise solve where 3 Cipher/Codes from the Zodiac now spell the name of the true killer which is and always has been "Jack W Tarrance."

That thanks goes to the combined efforts of (Redacted) for the actual work on the codes, Catseye with her knowledge of the anagram, and myself for having the background to put all of it together.

When (Redacted) contacted me he had ciphered a narrative statement out of the first half of the 340 with the balance being random text, except for, the final statement, "OO I GOYT YYA".

His declaration that the bottom was appearing to be nothing more than random text caused me to remember that the last 18 letters in the 408 cipher were also considered random text which was one confirmation that (Redacted) was onto something. I forwarded the 18 letters from the 408 to (Redacted), the 32 code, and Catseye's work on the 13 anagram, "My Name Is", and I put him in touch with Catseye so she could describe what her and DK had talked about when Jack explained how he played his word games. Between the 2 of them, it became apparent very quickly that an anagram is what we were looking at, not only in the My Name Is, but the 18 random text, and the 32 code to dig up the bomb as well.

So for all those who batted insults and hate mails at Catseye, it turns out that ultimately (Redacted) was able to complete the job he did with the knowledge Catseye had about ciphers and anagrams.

TODAY WE HAVE THE CULPRIT IN THE ZODIAC CASE....

See (Redacted)'s complete solve at http://www.zodiac-340-cipher-solution.com


Update from (Redacted)---- After having him move the "M" out of "WM" because Jack was Walker not William, and another minor change in what (Redacted) thought was a score card, this is what he has come out with so far. Website to be updated shortly...

i can't talk now -- still at work -- but the z18 translation has changed based on the "K" not being a misspelling (site not yet updated)
 
now z18 reads,  "Jack W Tarrance the Fifth"; CIA; Modus Operandi;  where V is "the fifth", C is "K" (KIE where "E" is pronounced like an "A") and MO is modus operandi - there was no scorecard.
 
Also, the first line (18 letters) of the 408 code symbols reads as a
latin anagram
(not linked to the ciphertext below it)  "Jack Tarrance - himself to you" where he is misspelling LATIN words now like in the 340...I am working on the second line see if it is also an anagram, but this will be difficult with misspelled latin...and will take some time (weeks) to get right.  thanks, (REDACTED)

Updates From (Redacted):

Hello and thank you for your time -
 
Updates:
 
1) the "KIE" in the Z18 is actually "C.I.A." in the ablative case
2) the "About" page under "Acknowledgements" contains your names -- please make sure you get proper credits - there and throughout the web site
3) a secondary message has been generated for the Z13 and Z32 -- which confirms the Z18 secondary message of CIA related activities
4) I am currently working on the secondary messages generated from the Z408 (Latin; confirms other secondary messages) and also the Z340 (methodology not yet determined; but Jack's name appears once again in the first line). It probably will not be until February sometime before these complex secondary messages are decoded.
5) I may not be able to answer the phone today
6) the real messages are the secondary messages - JWT was once a CIA in good standing -- something went wrong -- now he is at odds with his employer over something - Jack has gone his own way for some reason other than just killing for fun.   
7) You guys are the historians on the CIA thing (which is a definite reality according to the decoded messages) which I know very little about other than what you have told me -- but I would be very careful at this stage -- in publishing about the CIA thing -- Jack was a huge embarrassment to them, etc. -- as you know already and better than I do.  My guess is that Dennis Kaufman has received a full treatment from the intelligence community regarding this well kept secret.  If it has been bad for you (slander, etc.) - my guess is that it will probably get worse.  I am not trying to discourage you (I can publish your stuff if you want and give you credit on my web site), I just feel a little guilty about encouraging you to publish your notes -- I did not realize it would actually lead to Jack's relationship with the CIA.  
 
P.S. -- No, I am not with the CIA -- just an engineer who likes to solve jigsaw puzzles -- who is surprised at what the puzzle says....
thanks, (REDACTED)

I have updated again Z32 -- help is now "assistance".  Jack is off CIA assistance -- he is not asking for help...my bad...thanks, (REDACTED)


These are the Updates from (Redacted) (Redacted):

These are the comments from Nanette Barto:

Not scared.......


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From (Redacted):

Hello Nanette and thank you once again for the e-mail and for your help.  The "I have gotten off CIA assistance"....could equally read, "I have gotten off CIA Help..." --- I used "assistance" to avoid confusion with Jack asking for "Help" (Jack is definitely not the type to ask for help).  I could use a different phrase than "assistance" if you have any suggestions to make things clearer.  The message here - is that,  Jack is saying,  "I am on my own now and do not need any help or assistance from the CIA in what I am doing...."...or equally, "the CIA is not watching over me, etc.".  I am currently working on the 340 secondary message, which apparently is written in "Tarranese" and not "Latin" -- I am putting the 408 Latin on hold until the 340 secondary message is solved -- it is very difficult and tricky -- more so than the original 340 in English.  I am very surprised that all of them z13/18/32/340/408 have secondary messages in which Jack Tarrance brazenly identifies himself and talks about the intelligence community, etc.   I am certain that these secondary messages were broken by the FBI or CIA's ex-WWII code breakers -- I am not the first by no means.  My "no response" from my original contact with the FBI now makes sense.  I am surprised that the CIA is still hiding this.  The CIA is still apparently above the law -- just like they were during the JFK assassination. You are correct,  the CIA and FBI are not going to help solve this case, unless forced to -- by an outside force.  Also, my guess is that someone in the CIA "messed" with Jack's valued CIA career very bad -- Jack got very upset and angry -- and was definitely not the type of personality to sit at home and moan about it -- Jack was going to fix the people who messed with him! He would show them! (that is my guess anyway -- I really do not know).  If you or Harriette know of any stories related by Dennis Kaufman (or other sources) about Jack's involvement in the intelligence community (allowing for some mistakes in human translation) - they are probably in essence true.  As you mentioned earlier, there is definitely the possibility he was (before his falling out) rather high on the totem pole in the organization as far as field agents went.  Keep in touch -- it will be slow for a while until around mid-February until I probably get some new results for you to review.  Thanks, (REDACTED)

and then today:

 - at work now
- Z340 has tertiary message; hence all codes probably not solved until March-April
- a keyword in Z340 shows up in tertiary message and probably in secondary Z340 message (not much solved yet)
- Z32 has tertiary code that is now solved -- based on keyword from Z340 tertiary message that shows up
- Z32 tertiary message on web site with no commentary yet
- please review Z32 tertiary message with critique
thanks, (REDACTED)


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Legal Disclaimer: I have been informed by my attorney that I should document the collaborative efforts on these solves in order to maintain them on my website. The work of the Zodiac codes were not that of a single individual (Code Angel), but the work of multiple people in attempts to promote a solve based on the knowledge of all involved. Attached is the email that refers to this particular solve quoted in this post.
 


  

 



 



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Now here's an eerie confirmation... Just read about MKUltra:

 

"MKULTRA" redirects here. For other uses, see MKULTRA (disambiguation).

 

Declassified MKUltra documents

 

Project MKUltra is the code name of a U.S. government human research operation experimenting in the behavioral engineering of humans through the CIA'sScientific Intelligence Division. The CIA project was coordinated with the Special Operations Division of the Army's Chemical Corps.[1] The program began in the early 1950s, was officially sanctioned in 1953, was reduced in scope in 1964, further curtailed in 1967 and officially halted in 1973.[2] The program engaged in many illegal activities;[3][4][5] in particular it used unwitting U.S. and Canadian citizens as its test subjects, which led to controversy regarding its legitimacy.[3](p74)[6][7][8] MKUltra used numerous methodologies to manipulate people's mental states and alter brain functions, including the surreptitious administration of drugs (especially LSD) and other chemicals, hypnosis, sensory deprivation, isolation, verbal and sexual abuse, as well as various forms of torture.[9]

 

The scope of Project MKUltra was broad, with research undertaken at 80 institutions, including 44 colleges and universities, as well as hospitals, prisons and pharmaceutical companies.[10] The CIA operated through these institutions using front organizations, although sometimes top officials at these institutions were aware of the CIA's involvement.[11] As the Supreme Court later noted, MKULTRA was:

 

concerned with "the research and development of chemical, biological, and radiological materials capable of employment in clandestine operations to control human behavior." The program consisted of some 149 subprojects which the Agency contracted out to various universities, research foundations, and similar institutions. At least 80 institutions and 185 private researchers participated. Because the Agency funded MKULTRA indirectly, many of the participating individuals were unaware that they were dealing with the Agency.[12]

 

Project MKUltra was first brought to public attention in 1975 by the Church Committee of the U.S. Congress, and a Gerald Ford commission to investigate CIA activities within the United States. Investigative efforts were hampered by the fact that CIA Director Richard Helms ordered all MKUltra files destroyed in 1973; the Church Committee and Rockefeller Commission investigations relied on the sworn testimony of direct participants and on the relatively small number of documents that survived Helms' destruction order.[13]

 

In 1977, a Freedom of Information Act request uncovered a cache of 20,000 documents relating to project MKUltra, which led to Senate hearings later that same year.[3] In July 2001 some surviving information regarding MKUltra was officially declassified.

 

Contents

 

 Background[edit]

 

http://bits.wikimedia.org/static-1.23wmf10/skins/common/images/magnify-clip.png

 

Dr. Sidney Gottlieb approved of an MKUltra subproject on LSD in this June 9, 1953 letter.

 

Precursor experiments[edit]

 

A precursor of the MKUltra program began in 1945 when the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency was established and given direct responsibility for Operation Paperclip. The program recruited former Nazi scientists, some of whom studied torture and brainwashing, and several who had been identified and prosecuted as war criminals during the Nuremberg Trials.[14][15]

 

Several secret U.S. government projects grew out of Operation Paperclip. These projects included Project CHATTER (established 1947), and Project BLUEBIRD (established 1950), which was renamed Project ARTICHOKE in 1951. Their purpose was to study mind control, interrogation, behavior modification and related topics.

 

MKUltra[edit]

 

The project's intentionally oblique CIA cryptonym is made up of the digraph MK, meaning that the project was sponsored by the agency's Technical Services Staff, followed by the word Ultra (which had previously been used to designate the most secret classification of World War II intelligence). Other related cryptonyms include Project MKNAOMI and Project MKDELTA.

 

Headed by Sidney Gottlieb, the MKUltra project was started on the order of CIA director Allen Welsh Dulles on April 13, 1953.[16] Its remit was to develop mind-controlling drugs for use against the Soviet bloc, largely in response to alleged Soviet, Chinese, and North Korean use of mind control techniques on U.S. prisoners of war in Korea.[17] The CIA wanted to use similar methods on their own captives. The CIA was also interested in being able to manipulate foreign leaders with such techniques,[18] and would later invent several schemes to drug Fidel Castro. Experiments were often conducted without the subjects' knowledge or consent.[19] In some cases, academic researchers being funded through grants from CIA front organizations were unaware that their work was being used for these purposes.[20]

 

In 1964, the project was renamed MKSEARCH. The project attempted to produce a perfect truth drug for use in interrogating suspected Soviet spies during the Cold War, and generally to explore any other possibilities of mind control. Another MKUltra effort, Subproject 54, was the Navy's top secret "Perfect Concussion" program, which was supposed to use sub-aural frequency blasts to erase memory. However, the program was never carried out.[21]

 

Because most MKUltra records were deliberately destroyed in 1973 by order of then CIA director Richard Helms, it has been difficult, if not impossible, for investigators to gain a complete understanding of the more than 150 individually funded research sub-projects sponsored by MKUltra and related CIA programs.[22]

 

The project began during a period of what Rupert Cornwell described as "paranoia" at the CIA, when America had lost its nuclear monopoly, and fear of Communism was at its height.[23]James Jesus Angleton, head of CIA counter-intelligence, believed that the organization had been penetrated by a mole at the highest levels.[23]




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Goals[edit]

The Agency poured millions of dollars into studies examining methods of influencing and controlling the mind, and of enhancing their ability to extract information from resistant subjects during interrogation.[24][25]

Some historians have asserted that creating a "Manchurian Candidate" subject through "mind control" techniques was a goal of MKUltra and related CIA projects.[26] Alfred McCoy has claimed that the CIA attempted to focus media attention on these sorts of "ridiculous" programs, so that the public would not look at the primary goal of the research, which was developing effective methods of torture and interrogation. Such authors cite as one example that the CIA's KUBARK interrogation manual refers to "studies at McGill University", and that most of the techniques recommended in KUBARK are exactly those that researcher Donald Ewen Cameron used on his test subjects (sensory deprivation, drugs, isolation, etc.).[24]

One 1955 MKUltra document gives an indication of the size and range of the effort; this document refers to the study of an assortment of mind-altering substances described as follows:[27]

1.      Substances which will promote illogical thinking and impulsiveness to the point where the recipient would be discredited in public.

2.      Substances which increase the efficiency of mentation and perception.

3.      Materials which will cause the victim to age faster/slower in maturity.

4.      Materials which will promote the intoxicating effect of alcohol.

5.      Materials which will produce the signs and symptoms of recognized diseases in a reversible way so that they may be used for malingering, etc.

6.      Materials which will cause temporary/permanent brain damage and loss of memory.

7.      Substances which will enhance the ability of individuals to withstand privation, torture and coercion during interrogation and so-called "brain-washing".

8.      Materials and physical methods which will produce amnesia for events preceding and during their use.

9.      Physical methods of producing shock and confusion over extended periods of time and capable of surreptitious use.

10.  Substances which produce physical disablement such as paralysis of the legs, acute anemia, etc.

11.  Substances which will produce a chemical that can cause blisters.

12.  Substances which alter personality structure in such a way that the tendency of the recipient to become dependent upon another person is enhanced.

13.  A material which will cause mental confusion of such a type that the individual under its influence will find it difficult to maintain a fabrication under questioning.

14.  Substances which will lower the ambition and general working efficiency of men when administered in undetectable amounts.

15.  Substances which promote weakness or distortion of the eyesight or hearing faculties, preferably without permanent effects.

16.  A knockout pill which can surreptitiously be administered in drinks, food, cigarettes, as an aerosol, etc., which will be safe to use, provide a maximum of amnesia, and be suitable for use by agent types on an ad hoc basis.

17.  A material which can be surreptitiously administered by the above routes and which in very small amounts will make it impossible for a person to perform physical activity.

Experiments[edit]

CIA documents suggest that "chemical, biological and radiological" means were investigated for the purpose of mind control as part of MKUltra.[28] A secret memorandum granted the MKUltra director up to six percent of the CIA research budget in fiscal year 1953, without oversight or accounting.[29] An estimated $10 million USD (roughly $87.5 million adjusted for inflation) or more was spent.[30]

Drugs[edit]

LSD[edit]

Early CIA efforts focused on LSD, which later came to dominate many of MKUltra's programs. Technical Services Staff officials understood that LSD distorted a person's sense of reality, and they felt compelled to learn whether it could alter someone's basic loyalties.[31] The CIA wanted to know if they could make Russian spies defect against their will and whether the Russians could do the same to their own operatives.[31]

Once Project MKUltra officially got underway in April, 1953, experiments included administering LSD to mental patients, prisoners, drug addicts and prostitutes, "people who could not fight back", as one agency officer put it.[32] In one case LSD was administered to a mental patient in Kentucky for 174 days.[32] LSD was also administered to CIA employees, military personnel, doctors, other government agents, and members of the general public in order to study their reactions. LSD and other drugs were usually administered without the subject's knowledge or informed consent, a violation of the Nuremberg Code that the U.S. agreed to follow after World War II. The aim of this was to find drugs which would irresistibly bring out deep confessions or wipe a subject's mind clean and program him or her as "a robot agent".[33]

In Operation Midnight Climax, the CIA set up several brothels in San Francisco, California to obtain a selection of men who would be too embarrassed to talk about the events. The men were dosed with LSD, the brothels were equipped with one-way mirrors, and the sessions were filmed for later viewing and study.[34] In other experiments where people were given LSD without their knowledge, they were interrogated under bright lights with doctors in the background taking notes. The subjects were told that their "trips" would be extended indefinitely if they refused to reveal their secrets. The people being interrogated this way were CIA employees, U. S. military personnel, and agents suspected of working for the other side in the Cold War. Long-term debilitation and several deaths resulted from this.[33]Heroin addicts were bribed into taking LSD with offers of more heroin.[11]

The office of Security used LSD in interrogations but Dr. Sidney Gottlieb, the chemist who directed MKUltra, had other ideas: he thought it could be used in covert operations. Since its effects were temporary, he believed it could be given to high officials and in this way affect the course of important meetings, speeches etc. Since he realized there was a difference in testing the drug in a laboratory and using it in clandestine operations, he initiated a series of experiments where LSD was given to people in "normal" settings without warning. At first, everyone in Technical Services tried it; a typical experiment involved two people in a room where they observed each other for hours and took notes. As the experimentation progressed, a point was reached where outsiders were drugged with no explanation whatsoever and surprise acid trips became something of an occupational hazard among CIA operatives. Adverse reactions often occurred, for example an operative who had received the drug in his morning coffee, became psychotic and ran across Washington, seeing a monster in every car that passed him. Incidents like that reaffirmed that LSD is a dangerous weapon but that only made them more enthusiastic. The experiments continued even after Dr. Frank Olson, an army scientist who had not taken LSD before, went into deep depression after a surprise trip and later fell from a thirteenth story window (it is unclear whether he committed suicide or was murdered before being thrown out of the window).[35]

Some subjects' participation was consensual, and in these cases they appeared to be singled out for even more extreme experiments. In one case, seven volunteers in Kentucky were given LSD for 77 consecutive days.[36]

LSD was eventually dismissed by MKUltra's researchers as too unpredictable in its results.[37] They had given up on the notion that LSD was "the secret that was going to unlock the universe," but it still had a place in the cloak-and-dagger arsenal. However, by 1962 the CIA and the army had developed a series of superhallucinogens such as the highly touted BZ, which was thought to hold greater promise as a mind control weapon. This resulted in the withdrawal of support by many academics and private researchers, and LSD research became less of a priority altogether.[35]

Other drugs[edit]

Another technique investigated was connecting a barbiturateIV into one arm and an amphetamine IV into the other.[38] The barbiturates were released into the person first, and as soon as the person began to fall asleep, the amphetamines were released. The person would then begin babbling incoherently, and it was sometimes possible to ask questions and get useful answers.

Other experiments involved drugs such as temazepam (used under code name MKSEARCH), heroin, morphine, MDMA, mescaline, psilocybin, scopolamine, marijuana, alcohol, sodium pentothal, and ergine (in Subproject 22).[39]

Electronics[edit]

At least one subproject of the MK Ultra project was about the electronic control of human behaviour (subproject 119). Subproject 119[40] had the purpose to provide funds for a study to
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make a critical review of the literature and scientific developments related to the recording, analysis and interpretation of bio-electric signals from the human organism, and activation of the human behaviour by remote means. The survey encompassed five main areas: techniques of activation of the human organism by remote electronic means, bio-electric sensors, recording, analysis and standardization of data.

Hypnosis[edit]

Declassified MKUltra documents indicate hypnosis was studied in the early 1950s. Experimental goals included: the creation of "hypnotically induced anxieties," "hypnotically increasing ability to learn and recall complex written matter," studying hypnosis and polygraph examinations, "hypnotically increasing ability to observe and recall complex arrangements of physical objects," and studying "relationship of personality to susceptibility to hypnosis."[41] Experiments were conducted with drug induced hypnosis and with anterograde and retrograde amnesia while under the influence of such drugs.

Canadian experiments[edit]

Donald Ewen Cameron c.1967

The experiments were exported to Canada when the CIA recruited Scottish psychiatrist Donald Ewen Cameron, creator of the "psychic driving" concept, which the CIA found particularly interesting. Cameron had been hoping to correct schizophrenia by erasing existing memories and reprogramming the psyche. He commuted from Albany, New York, to Montreal every week to work at the Allan Memorial Institute of McGill University and was paid $69,000 from 1957 to 1964 to carry out MKUltra experiments there. These research funds were sent to Dr. Cameron by a CIA front organization, the Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology, and as shown in internal CIA documents, Dr. Cameron did not know that the money originated from the CIA.[42] In addition to LSD, Cameron also experimented with various paralytic drugs as well as electroconvulsive therapy at thirty to forty times the normal power. His "driving" experiments consisted of putting subjects into drug-induced coma for weeks at a time (up to three months in one case) while playing tape loops of noise or simple repetitive statements. His experiments were typically carried out on patients who had entered the institute for minor problems such as anxiety disorders and postpartum depression, many of whom suffered permanently from his actions.[43] His treatments resulted in victims' incontinence, amnesia, forgetting how to talk, forgetting their parents, and thinking their interrogators were their parents.[44] His work was inspired and paralleled by the British psychiatrist William Sargant at St Thomas' Hospital, London, and Belmont Hospital, Surrey, who was also involved in the Intelligence Services and who experimented extensively on his patients without their consent, causing similar long-term damage.[45]

It was during this era that Cameron became known worldwide as the first chairman of the World Psychiatric Association as well as president of the American and Canadian psychiatric associations. Cameron had also been a member of the Nuremberg medical tribunal in 1946–47.[46]

Naomi Klein argues in her book The Shock Doctrine that Cameron's research and his contribution to the MKUltra project was actually not about mind control and brainwashing, but about designing "a scientifically based system for extracting information from 'resistant sources.' In other words, torture." Citing Alfred W. McCoy, Klein further writes that "Stripped of its bizarre excesses, Dr. Cameron's experiments, building upon Donald O. Hebb's earlier breakthrough, laid the scientific foundation for the CIA's two-stage psychological torture method."[47]edit

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Frank Church headed the Church Committee, an investigation into the practices of the US intelligence agencies.

In 1973, with the government-wide panic caused by Watergate, the CIA Director Richard Helms ordered all MKUltra files destroyed.[48] Pursuant to this order, most CIA documents regarding the project were destroyed, making a full investigation of MKUltra impossible. A cache of some 20,000 documents survived Helms' purge, as they had been incorrectly stored in a financial records building and were discovered following a FOIA request in 1977. These documents were fully investigated during the Senate Hearings of 1977.[3]

In December 1974, The New York Times alleged that the CIA had conducted illegal domestic activities, including experiments on U.S. citizens, during the 1960s. That report prompted investigations by the U.S. Congress, in the form of the Church Committee, and by a presidential commission known as the Rockefeller Commission that looked into domestic activities of the CIA, the FBI, and intelligence-related agencies of the military.

In the summer of 1975, congressional Church Committee reports and the presidential Rockefeller Commission report revealed to the public for the first time that the CIA and the Department of Defense had conducted experiments on both unwitting and cognizant human subjects as part of an extensive program to influence and control human behavior through the use of psychoactive drugs such as LSD and mescaline and other chemical, biological, and psychological means. They also revealed that at least one subject had died after administration of LSD. Much of what the Church Committee and the Rockefeller Commission learned about MKUltra was contained in a report, prepared by the Inspector General's office in 1963, that had survived the destruction of records ordered in 1973.[49] However, it contained little detail. Sidney Gottlieb, who had retired from the CIA two years previously, was interviewed by the committee but claimed to have very little recollection of the activities of MKUltra.[10]

The congressional committee investigating the CIA research, chaired by Senator Frank Church, concluded that "[p]rior consent was obviously not obtained from any of the subjects". The committee noted that the "experiments sponsored by these researchers ... call into question the decision by the agencies not to fix guidelines for experiments."

Following the recommendations of the Church Committee, President Gerald Ford in 1976 issued the first Executive Order on Intelligence Activities which, among other things, prohibited "experimentation with drugs on human subjects, except with the informed consent, in writing and witnessed by a disinterested party, of each such human subject" and in accordance with the guidelines issued by the National Commission. Subsequent orders by Presidents Carter and Reagan expanded the directive to apply to any human experimentation.

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1977 United States Senate report on MKUltra

In 1977, during a hearing held by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, to look further into MKUltra, Admiral Stansfield Turner, then Director of Central Intelligence, revealed that the CIA had found a set of records, consisting of about 20,000 pages,[citation needed] that had survived the 1973 destruction orders because they had been stored at a records center not usually used for such documents.[49] These files dealt with the financing of MKUltra projects and contained few project details, however much more was learned from them than from the Inspector General's 1963 report.

On the Senate floor in 1977, Senator Ted Kennedy said:

The Deputy Director of the CIA revealed that over thirty universities and institutions were involved in an "extensive testing and experimentation" program which included covert drug tests on unwitting citizens "at all social levels, high and low, native Americans and foreign." Several of these tests involved the administration of LSD to "unwitting subjects in social situations." At least one death, that of Dr. Olson, resulted from these activities. The Agency itself acknowledged that these tests made little scientific sense. The agents doing the monitoring were not qualified scientific observers.[50]

In Canada, the issue took much longer to surface, becoming widely known in 1984 on a CBC news show, The Fifth Estate. It was learned that not only had the CIA funded Dr. Cameron's efforts, but perhaps even more shockingly, the Canadian government was fully aware of this, and had later provided another $500,000 in funding to continue the experiments. This revelation largely derailed efforts by the victims to sue the CIA as their U.S. counterparts had, and the Canadian government eventually settled out of court for $100,000 to each of the 127 victims. None of Dr. Cameron's personal records of his involvement with MKUltra survive, since his family destroyed them after his death from a heart attack while mountain climbing in 1967.[51][not in citation given]

1984 U.S. General Accounting Office report[edit]

The U.S. General Accounting Office issued a report on September 28, 1984, which stated that between 1940 and 1974, DOD and other national security agencies studied thousands of human subjects in tests and experiments involving hazardous substances.

The quote from the study:[52]

Working with the CIA, the Department of Defense gave hallucinogenic drugs to thousands of "volunteer" soldiers in the 1950s and 1960s. In addition to LSD, the Army also tested quinuclidinyl benzilate, a hallucinogen code-named BZ. (Note 37) Many of these tests were conducted under the so-called MKULTRA program, established to counter perceived Soviet and Chinese advances in brainwashing techniques. Between 1953 and 1964, the program consisted of 149 projects involving drug testing and other studies on unwitting human subjects

Deaths[edit]

Given the CIA's purposeful destruction of most records, its failure to follow informed consent protocols with thousands of participants, the uncontrolled nature of the experiments, and the lack of follow-up data, the full impact of MKUltra experiments, including deaths, will never be known.[22][27][52][53]

Several known deaths have been associated with Project MKUltra, most notably that of Frank Olson. Olson, a United States Army biochemist and biological weapons researcher, was given LSD without his knowledge or consent in November, 1953, as part of a CIA experiment and died under suspicious circumstances a week later. A CIA doctor assigned to monitor Olson claimed to have been asleep in another bed in a New York City hotel room when Olson exited the window and fell thirteen stories to his death. In 1953, Olson's death was described as a suicide that had occurred during a severe psychotic episode. The CIA's own internal investigation concluded that the head of MK ULTRA, CIA chemist Sidney Gottlieb, had conducted the LSD experiment with Olson's prior knowledge, although neither Olson nor the other men taking part in the experiment were informed as to the exact nature of the drug until some 20 minutes after its ingestion. The report further suggested that Gottlieb was nonetheless due a reprimand, as he had failed to take into account Olson's already-diagnosed suicidal tendencies, which might have been exacerbated by the LSD.[54]

The Olson family disputes the official version of events. They maintain that Frank Olson was murdered because, especially in the aftermath of his LSD experience, he had become a security risk who might divulge state secrets associated with highly classified CIA programs, about many of which he had direct personal knowledge.[55] A few days before his death, Frank Olson quit his position as acting chief of the Special Operations Division at Detrick, Maryland (later Fort Detrick) because of a severe moral crisis concerning the nature of his biological weapons research. Among Olson's concerns were the development of assassination materials used by the CIA, the CIA's use of biological warfare materials in covert operations, experimentation with biological weapons in populated areas, collaboration with former Nazi scientists under Operation Paperclip, LSD mind-control research, the use of biological weapons (including anthrax) during the Korean War[citation needed], and the use of psychoactive drugs during "terminal" interrogations under a program code-named Project ARTICHOKE.[56] Later forensic evidence conflicted with the official version of events; when Olson's body was exhumed in 1994, cranial injuries indicated that Olson had been knocked unconscious before he exited the window.[54] The medical examiner termed Olson's death a "homicide".[57] In 1975, Olson's family received a $750,000 settlement from the U.S. government and formal apologies from President Gerald Ford and CIA Director William Colby, though their apologies were limited to informed consent issues concerning Olson's ingestion of LSD.[53][58] On 28 November 2012, the Olson family filed suit against the U.S. federal government for the wrongful death of Frank Olson.[59]

In his 2009 book, A Terrible Mistake, researcher H. P. Albarelli Jr. concurs with the Olson family and concludes that Frank Olson was murdered because a personal crisis of conscience
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made it likely he would divulge state secrets concerning several CIA programs, chief among them Project ARTICHOKE and an MKDELTA project code-named Project SPAN. Albarelli theorizes that Project SPAN involved the contamination of food supplies and the aerosolized spraying of a potent LSD mixture in the village of Pont-Saint-Esprit, France in August, 1951. The 1951 Pont-Saint-Esprit mass poisoning resulted in mass psychosis, 32 commitments to mental institutions, and at least seven deaths. Albarelli writes that Olson was involved in the development of aerosolized delivery systems and had been present at Pont-Saint-Esprit in August, 1951. According to Albarelli, several months before resigning his position Olsen had witnessed a terminal interrogation conducted in Germany under Project ARTICHOKE. While most academic sources accept ergot poisoning, poisoning by mercury, mycotoxins, or nitrogen trichloride, as the cause of the Pont-Saint-Esprit epidemic,[60][61][62][63][64] others like paranormal author John Grant Fuller in The Day of Saint Anthony's Fire have reached conclusions similar to Albarelli's.[53][65]

On April 26, 1976, the Church Committee of the United States Senate issued a report, "Final Report of the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operation with Respect to Intelligence Activities",[66] In Book I, Chapter XVII, p 389 this report states:

LSD was one of the materials tested in the MKUltra program. The final phase of LSD testing involved surreptitious administration to unwitting non-volunteer subjects in normal life settings by undercover officers of the Bureau of Narcotics acting for the CIA.

A special procedure, designated MKDELTA, was established to govern the use of MKUltra materials abroad. Such materials were used on a number of occasions. Because MKUltra records were destroyed, it is impossible to reconstruct the operational use of MKUltra materials by the CIA overseas; it has been determined that the use of these materials abroad began in 1953, and possibly as early as 1950.[67][68][69][70][71]

Drugs were used primarily as an aid to interrogations, but MKUltra/MKDelta materials were also used for harassment, discrediting, or disabling purposes.[67][68][69][70][71]

Another known victim of Project MKUltra was Harold Blauer, a professional tennis player in New York City, who died in January, 1953 as a result of a secret Army experiment involving MDA.[72]


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